The medical needs and possible health problems of dogs will vary throughout their lives. We collected some basic information of the dog health care for puppies, adult and older dogs.
A puppy makes their first pet visit at around 7 weeks old. They will get a microchip and a basic health check. The first vaccination (so called 4-way vaccine) is given at the age of 12 weeks. Before the first vaccination it is wise to deworm the puppy. A booster vaccination is given 4 weeks after the first one and rabies vaccination after further 4 weeks. To get a passport, your puppy will need a microchip and a rabies vaccination.
During these visits, the vet will check on the basic health of your puppy. The jaws, teeth, heart, lungs, eyes, ears and fur are all checked. The growth and weight of the puppy is monitored. This is also the time the puppy’s looses their baby teeth and the permanent teeth appear.
When the dog turns one, it gets another vaccination. Usually the dog is given a 4-four vaccine and rabies vaccination. This is also the time most dogs can have their limbs, joints and elbows checked. During these yearly visits, the vet can also monitor the dog’s oral health and, if necessary, remove the caries and plaque. Caries, if left untreated, can lead to gum diseases and removal of teeth.
If you don’t want your dog to bring more puppies into this world, you can sterilize or castrate your dog at a young age. The procedure can bring some health benefits. For male dogs, the castration prevents enlarged prostate. For female dogs, the menstruation and fake pregnancies will be prevented. A common side effect is a lessened need for energy, so remember to regulate their diet according to the new needs.
The older the dog gets, the more important the yearly vet visits become. Older dogs commonly suffer from osteoarthritis but efficient pain medication will help them to feel better. Just remember to only give your dog medication that suits them. Human medication can prove lethal for your furry friend! Mammary glands are checked and the heart is monitored. Blood samples can be taken during these routines visits, too. However, if your dog suddenly loses their appetite, drinks especially lot or gets tired more easily, it is time to book time for lab tests.